An Exhaustive List of Spaniel Breeds With Pictures

Popular Spaniel breeds
Everyone is familiar with the Spaniel breed of dogs. These dogs are very popular as pets nowadays. Buzzle provides a list of the Spaniel breeds, along with some pictures.
Popularity Speaks
Did you know that after the 17th century, Spaniels were divided into different categories? There were land game retrievers, water game retrievers or flushing dogs, show dogs, and companions. Among all the Spaniel breeds, the Cocker Spaniel remains the most popular as a pet.
The Spaniel breed is very popular among people for a variety of reasons. They are working dogs as well as companion dogs. Spaniels were originally bred for aiding hunters. Their primary job was to retrieve the hunted game, mainly from water and thick vegetation. The main aspect here was that the dog was supposed to fetch the game without damaging it with its teeth, something that the Spaniels were exceptionally good at. They began to be known as gun dogs from the 17th century, when English hunters began to use guns known as flintlocks for hunting. The hunter would shoot a prey, and the dog would retrieve it. Although that was a long time ago, these breeds are still known as gun dogs.

The word 'Spaniel' is believed to have originated from espaigneul, which is Old French for 'Spanish dog'. Espaigneul is in turn believed to have originated from Hispaniolus, the Latin word for 'Spanish'. There are many different theories regarding the history of this breed. Some believe that it was brought to Britannia by the ancient Romans. Others say that the Celts brought these dogs with them when they were moving to Spain, via the British Isles. Another theory states that one of the first Spaniels came into existence in the Middle East. No matter where they came from, Spaniels enjoy a considerable popularity as pets today. The following are the names of the Spaniel breeds in existence today, along with some pictures.
American Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniel
Height: 13 to 15.5 inches (34 to 38 cm)
Weight: 23 to 30 lbs (11 to 15 kg)
Temperament: Sweet, friendly, loving, needs a firm owner, good watchdog
Coat: Can be long or short
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 10 to 14 years
Country of origin: USA
Brittany Spaniel
Brittany spaniel
Height: 17 to 21 inches (44 to 53 cm)
Weight: 30 to 40 lbs (15 to 18 kg)
Temperament: Obedient, loving, active, intelligent
Coat: Long
Shedding: Light
Lifespan: 13 to 15 years
Country of origin: France
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Height: 11 to 13 inches (30 to 34 cm)
Weight: 13 to 17 lbs (6 to 8 kg)
Temperament: Sweet, friendly, good companion
Coat: Medium
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 9 to 13 years
Country of origin: UK
Dutch Partridge Dog (Drentsche Patrijshond)
Dutch Partridge Dog
Height: 22 to 25 inches (55 to 63 cm)
Weight: 40 to 45 lbs [Approx] (18 to 20 kg)
Temperament: Adaptable, outdoorsy, independent
Coat: Medium
Shedding: NA
Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
Country of origin: Netherlands
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English Cocker Spaniel
English Cocker Spaniel
Height: 14 to 16 inches (38 to 41 cm)
Weight: 28 to 30 lbs (13 to 14 kg)
Temperament: Intelligent, friendly, optimistic, playful, active, loving
Coat: Short
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
Country of origin: England
English Springer Spaniel
Manny in woods
Height: 18 to 20 inches (45 to 51 cm)
Weight: 35 to 45 lbs (16 to 20 kg)
Temperament: Alert, friendly, good companion, active, playful
Coat: Short
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 11 to 14 years
Country of origin: UK
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German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
Height: 17 to 20 inches (45 to 53 cm)
Weight: 45 to 65 lbs (20 to 30 kg)
Temperament: Intelligent, optimistic, friendly, loyal, active
Coat: Long
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 11 to 14 years
Country of origin: Germany
Kooikerhondje
Kooikerhondje
Height: 13 to 15 inches (35 to 40 cm)
Weight: 19 to 25 lbs (9 to 12 kg)
Temperament: Protective, active, outdoorsy, lively, loyal
Coat: Medium
Shedding: Regular
Lifespan: 11 to 14 years
Country of origin: Netherlands
Papillon
Papillon
Height: 7 to 11 inches (20 to 27 cm)
Weight: 6 to 9 lbs (3 to 4.5 kg)
Temperament: Intelligent, optimistic, friendly, alert, lively
Coat: Long
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
Country of origin: France
Russian Spaniel
Russian Spaniel
Height: 14 to 17 inches (38 to 45 cm)
Weight: 19 to 35 lbs (9 to 16 kg)
Temperament: Calm, loyal, friendly, trustworthy
Coat: Medium
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 13 to 14 years
Country of origin: Russia
Stabyhoun
Stabyhoun
Height: 19 to 20 inches (50 to 53 cm)
Weight: 45 to 55 lbs (20 to 25 kg)
Temperament: Patient, loyal, calm, intelligent, eager to please
Coat: Medium
Shedding: Seasonal
Lifespan: 12 to 14 years
Country of origin: Netherlands
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Height: 16 to 18 inches (43 to 48 cm)
Weight: 35 to 40 lbs (16 to 18 kg)
Temperament: Lively, playful, intelligent, stubborn, affectionate
Coat: Long
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 12 to 15 years
Country of origin: Wales
Large Münsterländer
Large Munsterlander
Height: 23 to 26 inches (58 to 65 cm)
Weight: 65 lbs [Approx] (30 kg)
Temperament: Loyal, loving, friendly, dependable
Coat: Medium
Shedding: NA
Lifespan: 10 to 15 years
Country of origin: Germany
American Water Spaniel
Height: 15 to 18 inches (38 to 45 cm)
Weight: 25 to 45 lbs (10 to 18 kg)
Temperament: Loyal, loving, active, outdoorsy
Coat: Short
Shedding: Light
Lifespan: 10 to 13 years
Country of origin: USA
Blue Picardy Spaniel
Height: 22 to 24 inches (55 to 62 cm)
Weight: 42 to 45 lbs (19 to 21 kg)
Temperament: Friendly, intelligent, active, loyal
Coat: Long
Shedding: Light
Lifespan: 10 to 13 years
Country of origin: France
Boykin Spaniel
Height: 13 to 16 inches (35 to 43 cm)
Weight: 24 to 39 lbs (11 to 18 kg)
Temperament: Outdoorsy, loving, energetic, friendly
Coat: Short
Shedding: Light
Lifespan: 13 to 16 years
Country of origin: USA
Clumber Spaniel
Height: 17 to 20 inches (45 to 51 cm)
Weight: 55 to 85 lbs (24 to 38 kg)
Temperament: Optimistic, friendly, smart, independent, affectionate
Coat: Short
Shedding: Heavy
Lifespan: 10 to 13 years
Country of origin: England
Field Spaniel
Height: 16 to 18 inches (43 to 46 cm)
Weight: 40 to 55 lbs (18 to 25 kg)
Temperament: Sensitive, calm, alert, friendly
Coat: Medium
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
Country of origin: England
French Spaniel
Height: 21 to 23 inches (55 to 60 cm)
Weight: 45 to 59 lbs (20 to 27 kg)
Temperament: Calm, intelligent, friendly, loyal
Coat: Medium
Shedding: Light
Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
Country of origin: France
Irish Water Spaniel
Height: 20 to 23 inches (55 to 60 cm)
Weight: 55 to 65 lbs (25 to 30 kg)
Temperament: Alert, funny, enthusiastic, loving, lively
Coat: Wiry
Shedding: Minimal
Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
Country of origin: Ireland
Pont Audemer Spaniel
Height: 19 to 22 inches (50 to 58 cm)
Weight: 55 to 60 lbs (25 to 27 kg)
Temperament: Adjusting, funny, lively, active, optimistic
Coat: Wiry
Shedding: Minimal
Lifespan: 10 to 12 years
Country of origin: France
Saint-Usuge Spaniel
Height: 16 to 21 inches (42 to 50 cm)
Weight: 40 to 60 lbs (18 to 28 kg)
Temperament: Calm, intelligent, obedient
Coat: Medium
Shedding: NA
Lifespan: 10 to 13 years
Country of origin: France
Small Münsterländer
Height: 19 to 21 inches (50 to 55 cm)
Weight: 35 to 55 lbs (17 to 25 kg)
Temperament: Lively, playful, intelligent, stubborn, affectionate
Coat: Medium
Shedding: NA
Lifespan: 10 to 14 years
Country of origin: Germany
Sussex Spaniel
Height: 12 to 14 inches (33 to 38 cm)
Weight: 35 to 45 lbs (16 to 20 kg)
Temperament: Good companion, social, calm, affectionate, loyal
Coat: Medium
Shedding: Average
Lifespan: 11 to 12 years
Country of origin: England
These were the names of the Spaniel breeds in existence today, with some of their pictures. You are probably wondering why dogs like the Japanese Chin and the Pekingese have not been included here. The reason is that these breeds are not actually 'Spaniels', but are called so because their appearances bear similarities to Spaniel dogs. No matter what Spaniels are used for, the fact that they are amazing creatures will always hold true.