Previously, it was believed that worms are passed only from their mothers. However, it is not true and there are many other possible causes for this. They migrate in the form of eggs from infected carriers like mice to the puppies' body. They can even pass through feces.
The condition should be treated quickly to avoid further health complications, because these worms can cause damage to vital organs like the heart and lead to serious health issues. However, this is quite a common problem and is easy to deal with.
Types of Worms
Roundworms can also be passed through the feces of another infected dog/puppy. They are intestinal parasites and they grow up to a length of 13 centimeters.
Hookworms are very tiny, and they attach themselves to the intestinal walls and suck blood. They can enter into a puppy's body through its skin and reach its intestine. They are found in moist areas and even humans can get infected by them.
Mosquitoes are the carriers that can infect your puppy with heartworms. As the name suggests, they attack the heart and cause serious fatal problems. They should not be neglected and a timely appropriate treatment is necessary.
One more types are tapeworms. They are transferred by fleas. Other carriers can be rodents and birds. They can be seen in the feces of the puppy and they are white in color with a size equal to that of a small grain of rice. They are present in the intestine of the puppy and grow up to a length of 15 centimeters.
Whipworms are not so easy to detect. Frequent fecal tests need to be done to ensure that the puppy has been de-wormed properly.
If you suspect that your puppy is infected then consult a veterinarian. The veterinarian will ask you to get the fecal samples of your puppy, to confirm the presence of any type of worm. Sometimes, fecal samples do not prove useful in diagnosis and in such cases the veterinarian will take a blood sample of the puppy.
The veterinarians provide appropriate medication to treat the condition. These de-worming medications are very useful and your puppy will be free of worms very soon. Preventive measures should be taken for this purpose. Veterinarians recommend that all the puppies should be given the medications after six weeks from their birth.
Worms can cause a serious threat to the health if it not treated at the earliest. Getting rid of worms in puppies is very easy and once it's done the puppy can lead a healthy life again.