The Welsh corgi originated from Wales. There's a 'dwarf' in its name. Yes, cor ci means dwarf dog. Over time, ci came to be pronounced as gi, and hence the name Corgi. Welsh corgi dogs belong to the Herding group and are among the healthiest of the group. They are also among the longest-lived dogs of the group. The Herding group is a designation that the American Kennel Club has given for purebred dog breeds. The Herding group was created in 1983 and is the newest of the classifications made by the American Kennel Club.
Welsh corgi dogs are categorized into two distinct breeds namely, the Cardigan and the Pembroke.
It is one of the oldest herding breeds. They can dwell in apartments but are happier living in the open. They need to be engaged in some physical and mental activity on a daily basis. Owing to their short stature, kicks of the cattle cannot hurt these dogs. This was also the purpose behind breeding them as low and long dogs. They are considered as the most loyal family dogs. They can make a very good company and can serve as alert guardians. They are quite reserved in nature unless trained to socialize from an early age. They are intelligent and active.
The Cardigan Welsh dog is a long and low dog. It has upright ears. Its tail is usually long. They can be red, brindle, or sable in color. Their neck, underneath, and tip of their tail are generally white in color. On an average, a cardigan is 10.5 to 12.5 inches tall at the withers. Male cardigans weigh in the range of 30 to 38 lbs while females weigh around 25 to 34 lbs. Their life expectancy is about 12 to 14 years.
As indicated by its name, the Pembroke Welsh corgi originated in Pembrokeshire, Wales. They are active and athletic dogs. Pembrokes were used to herd cattle and horses by nipping at their heels. Lack of activity can make them obese quite easily. One should be careful in the kind of physical activities these dogs are made to do. Making it jump from heights can fracture its legs and cause back injuries. The length of their spine can be a reason for spinal problems.
A Pembroke Welsh corgi is 10 to 12 inches tall at the withers. It weighs more than 30 lbs. Pembrokes can be fawn, sable, black, or red in color. They may or may not have white markings on their legs, chest, muzzle, and underneath. They have a short undercoat and a thick overcoat. These coats are shed twice in a year during seasonal shedding. Pembrokes are characterized by short tails. They have a life expectancy of about 11 to 13 years.
Originally, some Cardigan Welsh dogs were crossed with the Swedish Vallhund dogs. The Cardigans are said to have existed for more than 3,000 years in Wales. The wide variety in their colors seen today is due to crossbreeding them with the collies. Pembrokes are believed to have evolved from the Cardigans and other dogs like the Pomeranians. Corgis are very popular in the United States. Since seventy long years, the British Royalty has been favoring the Welsh corgi dogs. It is said that Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom loves this breed and has sixteen Pembroke corgis as pets. Original inhabitants of Wales, the Welsh corgi dogs are very popular and among the most valued dog breeds till date.