Small, agile, and muscular features are a distinct characteristic of the terrier. Unlike other shepherd dogs and hunting dogs, this breed has short yet muscular legs. Its physique is aptly built for fighting in close ranges. Its average temperament is that of a courageous fighter, which has promoted people to use it in hunting. The specialty of this breed is to hunt smaller animals such as foxes and rabbits. It can maneuver and move speedily in forests, shrubs, and bushes. It is also known to 'flush' out game from hiding places. In the modern era however, this dog is no longer used for hunting but as a guard dog and a companion for families.
Though the terrier has been described as a ferocious fighter, it is an excellent pack animal and adjusts to the family very well. The head of the family however, needs to show a leading and dominating hold over the dog. Apart from that, behavior wise, this breed is very playful, protective, and rather active. Hence, it should be exercised regularly, and given a reasonable amount of freedom and playing space. This dog has a very good instinct and memory. Hence, never mess around with and also do not insult or hurt a terrier on purpose, it can be dangerous.
According to the mix breeding and temperament, this breed is used for various purposes and jobs. Some are classified into several classes such as working or hunting terriers, fell terriers, toy terriers, and bull terriers. The following is a short list of terrier mix breeds.
|Mix Terrier Breeds||Origin and Ancestry|
|Airedale Terrier||This terrier is bred from the Old English black and tan terriers and the Otterhound. This British born breed has a dense coat of fur that is not very long and is light brown and cream in color. This dog has a medium size.|
|American Staffordshire Terrier||This terrier traces its ancestry to several British terriers and bulldogs who migrated to the USA in the 19th century. Some noted ancestors include the white English terrier, black fox terrier, and tan terrier. This mix breed is small to medium in size, with a white coat that is patched in black and brown.|
|Australian Terrier||This dog is the Australian cousin of the British terriers. It is short, has a dense-brown coat, and a great ancestry of the Cairn terrier, Irish terrier, Skye terrier, Dandie Dinmont terrier, and Yorkshire terrier.|
|Bedlington Terrier||The dogs of this breed are known as lambs due to their woolly coats. Its size and height ranges from small to medium. It is bred from Rothbury terriers aka, gypsy dogs.|
|Border Terrier||A native to the Scottish border, this dog is short and tends to have a hairy head which somehow resembles a mustache. Its coat resembles that of a German shepherd.|
|Boston Terrier||This breed is often known as an American gentleman and is born in the United States. It is a descendant of the English bulldogs and terriers. It is short and has a black and white coat.|
|Bull Terrier||This dog has a very unique appearance as its face cut is derived from its ancestors who include the Old English Bulldog, Old English terrier, black and tan terrier, and English white terrier.|
|Glen of Imaal Terrier||This dog was bred in the Wicklow mountains in the Glen of Imaal during the reign of Elizabeth I. Its ancestry can be traced to Irish terriers and low slung hounds. This dog is very furry, and has a long coat that is grayish in color.|
|Irish Terrier||This is one of the oldest terrier mix dogs that originated in Great Britain. It is of a mixed size and has a brown coat. It also has a cubical jaw, which is its identification mark. Its ancestry is disputed. However, the black and tan terrier and Irish wolfhound have been strongly recommended.|
|Jack Russell Terrier or Parson Russell Terrier||This delightful breed has a disputed ancestry. Its small size does not hinder it from being violent during hunting. It is named after the breeder, Reverend John Russell.|
|Kerry Blue Terrier||This dog has originated from a legend of a blue dog who swam ashore from a shipwreck in County Kerry in Ireland. It is actually from Tipperary town. Apart from the mysterious blue dog, the other known ancestor is the Wheaten terrier mix. Its coat is bluish-gray and woolly.|
|Lakeland Terrier||This breed is a native to the English Scottish regions and is a descendant of the black and tan terrier. Some of its earlier ancestors include fell, Dandie Dinmont, Bedlington, and border terriers.|
|Norfolk Terrier||This dog has originated from the Irish terriers and red terriers. It has a dense coat which is typically copper-red in shade. This dog is short, but has a delightful temperament.|
|Norwich Terrier||This dog is a sibling of the Norfolk terrier and is recognized as a separate breed as a result of a softer and denser coat.|
|Sealyham Terrier||This is a Welsh white-coated dog who was bred by retired army personnel. It was derived from the white English, Dandie Dinmont, fox, and west highland white terriers, and the Corgie.|
|Skye Terrier||This dog has a very unique history starting from 14th century Scotland, where a Spanish man-of-war (ship) sunk near the coast of the Island of Skye, a Scottish island. A Maltese dog was rescued from the ship and was used to breed a soft-furred dog breed. This breed has been a favorite of the British nobility since Queen Victoria's reign.|
|Staffordshire Bull Terrier||An immensely powerful fighting machine, this dog has been bred from bulldogs and normal terriers. It was originally meant for the fighting rings but soon became a very loyal and loving companion.|
It must be noted that while enlisting the ancestors, often only the name of the breed such as 'fox' or 'Bedlington' have been used. This single usage must be referred to as 'fox terrier' or 'Bedlington terrier'.