Bringing home a new puppy can be a delightful event indeed. However, it can also be stressful. After all, puppies usually don't come house-trained. Hence, you will need a fair amount of time as well as patience to train your puppy in order to teach it behavior that is acceptable, and to adjust to your household routines. All dogs need to be trained to obey certain basic commands, and the earlier the training starts, the better.
Although it is important to start the training early, it should also not be too early. Raising a puppy is akin to raising a newborn child. The best time to begin training is from 6 to 8 weeks of age, perhaps a little earlier if your puppy is ready for it. It's just that it is always a good idea to teach habit-forming things as early as possible.
House Training: House training, or potty training, is one of the most important tasks, that requires a lot of patience and kindness, as well as a fair amount of time. First of all, remember that you will not get immediate results. First, decide on an area that your puppy can use as a toilet, and then you will need to take it there about once in an hour initially. Praise your puppy when it does what is required in the demarcated area. However, do not treat it harshly if there is an accident in the house. Just clean up the area thoroughly, so that there is no scent remaining, and make a note of the time. Puppies usually turn around in circles or sniff the floor when they want to urinate or pass stools. So, keep a sharp watch for these signals and take it outside immediately. Remember that being small, with a small bladder, your puppy may need to urinate quite frequently. Plus, when it is frightened, feels threatened, or gets excited, it may lose control. Also, urination and defecation are often used as territorial activity.
Do Not Punish: Rubbing your puppy's nose in its urine or feces really is quite useless―your puppy will simply not understand. Neither is swatting it on the nose with a newspaper rolled up a good idea―your puppy will only begin fearing you. Positive training methods, kindness, and patience are the only ways to train your puppy.
Teaching Simple Commands: It's best to start teaching simple commands like 'come' and 'no', as early as possible. However, again, patience, consistence, and persistence are requisite needs. When your puppy does something undesirable, such as chewing up a rug, use a firm voice to say 'no', removing the rug firmly. The command 'come' can be taught by standing some distance away, calling out 'come' in a friendly way, while also giving visual clues. You could also squat down and clap your hands. It is important to look and sound happy. When it does respond, praise it and give it a treat, but if it does not, do not scold it. It will only scare the dog. Training should be a positive and happy time, for both you and your puppy.
Socializing Your Puppy: This is a process by which your puppy will learn to recognize as well as interact appropriately with other dogs, people, other species of animals like cats, as well as different surroundings, and so on. Remember, until your puppy is fully vaccinated, you need to protect it from being exposed to other dogs that may be carrying disease, or dog feces and urine. However, it can be socialized by carrying it around to various places, and allowing it to be exposed to new things. Whenever your puppy displays good behavior, reinforce it by praises and treats.
Using Friendly and Firm Tones: Modify the tone of your voice according to the command you use. For example, when giving commands like 'stay', 'down', and 'sit', use a firm voice, whereas, when teaching 'come' or 'heel', use a friendlier voice.
And finally, make sure not to make the training sessions too long. After all, your puppy is just a baby. About 15 minutes per session is about enough, and it is best to teach a single thing at a time. After each training session, spend a little time in playing with your pup. This will enable it to associate training time with fun, which will help him to learn faster and anticipate the training positively.