Being able to detect if your dog is sick is not that hard. The same principal that you use to detect illness in a friend or family member applies here too. If you have a strong bond with your pet, you will be able to detect even small differences in your dog's behavior or appearance.
Less obvious indications such as less enthusiasm than usual, sleeping for longer, reluctance to go for a walk, or a loss of appetite in the dog can be easily noticed by a caring and attentive owner. However, more obvious symptoms, such as whining for no reason or limping, are sure signs that something is wrong.
It is obvious that something has prompted you to think that your dog is sick, so here are some symptoms which will help you first detect if anything is wrong, and then guide you to gauge if your dog is slightly or seriously ill.
These symptoms in all probability will indicate serious problems, that may require emergency treatment. They include sudden breathing difficulties, blood in the urine, bloated abdomen, choking, collapse, convulsions/seizures, excessive foaming at the mouth, fixed and dilated pupils, fainting, fever and inability to stand.
These may also include extreme lethargy and weakness, pale pink or blue gums, retching, paralysis, staggering, and persistent vomiting or vomiting blood. Needless to say, if your dog has broken a bone, got burnt, electrocuted, almost drowned, or has excessive blood loss, then he/she needs immediate medical attention.
Less Serious Symptoms
If you see your dog displaying any of these symptoms, you should first call your vet and then panic, for chances are that it is not a serious life-threatening condition. Any of these symptoms in isolation may or may not indicate a serious dog health problem.
- Loss of appetite
- Bad breath
- Arching of the back
- Biting self
- Muscle tremors
- Discharge from the eyes
- Smelling badly
- Ear or nose discharge
- Difficulty in eating
- Excessive thirst
- Scratching self excessively
- Worms in the feces
When you are wondering about your dog's health but aren't sure, you can watch your dog for any of these symptoms and signs that will confirm a problem.
Eyes, Ears, and Nose
Check to see if there is an increase or decrease in tear production or if the eyes seem cloudy or red. Also check if there is any unusual discharge from the eyes, and if the size of both pupils is the same. Check to see if your dog is squinting, or eyes seem sunken/excessively protruding. Rubbing or pawing at the eyes may indicate a problem.
Is there any swelling or discharge from the ears or are they drooping when they normally stand erect. Are they red or smelly? Is your dog rubbing or pawing his/her ears, shaking his/her head, or crying when you touch the ears? Is there any blood or other nasal discharge? Is he/she sneezing or coughing?
Check to see if your dog has any swelling on the lips or tongue. Are his/her gums discolored, or is there any bleeding from the mouth? Check to see if there are any bones or sticks stuck to the roof of the mouth or around the teeth.
While these are some checks that you can do to detect if your dog is really ill, the best course of action is to call your vet and follow the instructions he/she gives you. A good step to take when you think your pet is unwell, is to check if his/her heartbeats are steady and consistent.