Symptoms and Diagnosis
In majority of cases, the visible symptoms involve the skin. Hence, canine skin diseases are considered as the indicators of allergies. Other symptoms of canine allergies are more or less similar to nasal problems.
Common signs of allergy other than skin irritation include runny nose, red and itchy eyes, coughing, sneezing, and wheezing. Some pet dogs suffer from ear infections, loss of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea as a result of allergic reactions.
After correct identification, the vet may prescribe antibiotics, antihistamines, steroids, corticosteroids, and other medications. For managing skin diseases, topical ointments and medicated shampoo are recommended.
In another case, if the pet is showing symptoms after feeding, allergy to food items may be the root cause. Likewise, keep a watch over change in dog's behavior and health to identify the allergy type. Once the causal factor is confirmed, you can proceed with the appropriate remedial measures to alleviate the irritation symptoms.
Avoid Exposure to Allergens
Hypersensitivity reaction to environmental pollutants (pollens, dust) is a common trigger of canine allergy. This can be overcome by limiting exposure to the source.
A simple approach is to let the pet stay indoors when the environmental allergens are present at a higher concentration (morning and evening). Make sure you vacuum clean the area where your pet plays most of the time, to kill dust mites and fleas.
So, while buying the pet's food, check the product label and choose the brand that contains a different source of protein and carbohydrates.
If the dog is allergic to food additives, replace them with other healthy dog food alternatives. Supplementing the dog's food with flaxseed oil and salmon oil will help in boosting immunity against contact allergens.
Massage well, so as to remove fleas that are hidden within the fur. Also, bathe the pet dog regularly, at least once in a week to get rid of fleas.
Rosemary and Oatmeal
Another effective home remedy for flea allergy is to add 1 teaspoon of dried rosemary in one pint of boiling water. Allow the solution to stand for 15 minutes. Remove the rosemary leaves, and massage this rosemary water extract on the dog's coat after bathing. The same procedure can be followed by using a handful of ground oatmeal.
Allow the allergic dog to sit in a large tub, filled with soapy water. This will help in killing the fleas by drowning them. Rinse off the soap and towel dry your pet properly.
Flea allergy can also be treated by using a solution of apple cider vinegar (an acid) mixed with water in an equal ratio. Rubbing the dog's skin with this mild acidic water for 2 - 3 times a day will help in repelling the fleas.
Over the Counter Medicine
Antihistamine medication sold over the counter should be given as the last resort for canine allergy treatment, i.e., when other natural remedies do not show satisfactory results. This therapeutic formulation suppresses the action of histamine. The correct dosage would be 2 milligram for every two pounds weight of the pet.
These simple home remedies will surely help in combating dog allergies and keep your pet healthy and playful. In case, your pet is scratching continuously even after adopting remedial measures, give a cold water bath, or wet a clean cloth with cold water and apply it over the irritated skin areas.
The water will soothe the affected skin, thereby giving instant relief. This is just a temporary solution and a visit to the vet is recommended at the earliest possible date.