Frequent urination is understood to be a common occurrence among dogs. The condition is normally associated with behavioral issues like separation anxiety or territory marking, but in some cases, it may be a symptom of an underlying health issue which calls for urgent attention.
An increased frequency in urination can be a result of various factors like drinking excess water, change in weather, a different brand of dog food, a change in the exercise routine, or certain infections.
Canine Urinary Tract Infections
Canine cystitis is a urinary tract infection (UTI), considered to be a primary cause, especially in females. The dog's bladder gets inflamed due to the infection, which causes the pet to urinate often.
The infection usually affects the lower urinary tract by damaging the bladder wall or stimulating the nerve endings in the bladder or urethra, causing abnormal or painful urge to urinate. The female dog's bladder is short and broader than the male's, which makes it more susceptible to bacterial infections that can eventually make way to the bladder.
Canine cystitis is also more common in young dogs due to their relatively weak immune system. Frequent and painful urination (dysuria), straining to urinate, bloody urine, licking genital area, etc. are some other symptoms that are observed in dogs suffering from canine cystitis.
Quite common in older females or spayed dogs, hormonal imbalance or low estrogen levels affect the dog's kidney function and render it incapable to concentrate urine properly, which causes the dog to urinate more. If not treated in time, it may even cause serious health complications like dehydration.
Canine Bladder Stones
Canine bladder stones are formed by crystallization of high mineral levels in the urine due to low pH level or unhealthy eating habits. These stones can be of pea gravel size or as small as the size of a grain of sand.
Just like humans, dogs are no exception and suffer from canine diabetes. To reduce the increased levels of sugar from blood, dogs tend to drink more water and thus urinate more frequently than usual.
Canine Cushing's disease (increased production of adrenal hormone) is more common in older dogs, and is hence misunderstood by the owner as a sign of aging in their dog. Frequent urination due to excess water intake, hair loss, weight gain, lethargy, etc. are common symptoms of this disorder.
The treatment primarily depends on the underlying cause, severity, and duration of the condition. As a responsible owner the first thing you can do is keep a track of any possible changes in your pet's diet or routine as this can be contributing factor.
However, if you think any lifestyle change has not caused the dog to urinate more, look out for other symptoms that the dog may exhibit alongside. Before the treatment begins, the veterinarian may conduct urinalysis on the dog's urine sample and some blood tests.
Make sure the urine sample is not older than four hours and is preferably refrigerated and placed in a sterile container. The dog's medical history will be studied and you may ask to take some X-rays, as this will help diagnose the actual cause and prescribe necessary medications and therapies.
A healthy dog drinks about three or four cups of water per day for every 20 pounds of body weight. Hence, you can prevent your pet from drinking excess water by giving the dog measured amounts of water and ensure that the dog doesn't drink from a leaky faucet or toilet.
Before beginning any treatment, it is recommended to consult the veterinarian to diagnose the cause and consider the overall health condition of the dog.