Containing a dog inside your yard becomes a problem if you have particularly strict neighborhood laws that restrict you from erecting a conventional fence. In such a situation, an electric fence system can come to your rescue.
How Does the Electric Dog Fence Work?
It is an assembly of three components: transmitter, underground wiring, and receiver. You can either seek professional help to install it or you can do it yourself at home. Once you have installed it, all you need to do is plug the transmitter into a regular electric socket in dry area. (These days transmitters working on solar energy are also available.)
Since, the wire is buried, this system is also called 'underground' or invisible fence system. And as there is no visible clutter of wires across the fence, the aesthetic quotient of your yard is not hampered, leaving the association no reason to complain.
As for the receiver, it is attached to the dog's collar. The transmitter emits a radio signal in the form of a sine wave. This signal is carried through the underground wire. The signal is usually low powered and therefore, the effectiveness of the system is for a short range.
When the dog comes near the fence in a bid to leave the yard, the receiver attached to the collar starts beeping, giving the dog a warning to retreat. This is the first of the three 'correction' mechanisms that the system resorts to, the other two being warning and correction, and correction only.
Beeping is the warning for the dog to retreat. If the dog still attempts to cross the fence, a mild static shock is delivered. Some systems also come with citronella sprays, a pungent chemical substance that dogs find offensive. Neither of the correction mechanisms can be harmful to your dog.
How Effective is It?
Training is the only way to make electric fence work for your dog. You will have to make it very clear to your pet that, it should always retreat when he hears beeping and that crossing the fence is a bad idea.
Initially, the dog will continue advancing even after the warning, but the correction mechanisms will prevent him from doing so in future as he will learn to associate beeping with static shock. The system may not work for some strong and sturdy dogs who are just determined to go out.
Although, you can safely contain your pet within the confinements of your yard, you can't stop other dogs from entering your yard. It can be a problem if you have a female dog or if the dogs in your neighborhood have a tendency to pick up fights with your dog.
An electric fence will safely keep your pet within the boundary of your yard. It can be a huge success, if the entire neighborhood decides to install it. It would mean no strangers in your yard, no running around your own dog, peaceful neighborhoods, and perfectly happy neighborhood associations.