It is believed that the Clumber Spaniel originated in France, coming from the Kennels of the Duc de Noailles. During the French Revolution, the duke took all of his prized dogs and gave them to the Duke of Newcastle, who lived in Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire. There is another theory that states that this breed was developed in Great Britain, possibly from other hounds, older spaniels, and even Saint Bernards.
The Duke of Newcastle's gamekeeper, William Mansell, is the one that really developed and improved the breed. Prince Albert, the Prince consort of Queen Victoria, his son King Edward VII, and even Queen Victoria herself were the people who promoted this breed.
This is an extremely big-boned, heavy dog that is low to the ground. It should not stand at more than 17 to 20 inches at the shoulders. The males should weigh between 75 and 85 pounds, and the females should weigh between 55 and 70 pounds. This dog has a lot of endurance and is quite powerful. Its coat is dense and weather-resistant. It is flat with feathering on the belly, legs, and ears. The coat is only in white with patches of brown, lemon, or orange. Freckles on the muzzle and front legs are quite common.
This dog loves to chew. Hence, you should provide your dog with plenty of chew toys, otherwise it will chew other things like shoes and furniture. It also slobbers a lot, which you will have to get accustomed to. This dog has a loving and loyal nature, although it can be aloof with strangers. It generally likes to carry something around in its mouth at all times, which can lead to the risk of it ingesting something. It has an excellent nose, and can retrieve many things.
Health and Maintenance
Due to the long coat, it is a good idea to brush it often. You may also consider getting it professionally clipped. Make sure that you keep the ears clean and the hair trimmed every now and then. This dog is a true couch potato. It is not active in the house, which leads to weight problems. Plenty of exercise and a carefully-watched diet are a must.
Due to its large-boned structure, this breed can suffer from temporary lameness between 6 to 12 months of age. It is also commonly affected by impacted anal sacs and heat sensitivity. If left outside without any source of shade, it can suffer from dehydration and severe discomfort. It can also suffer from sensitivity to anesthesia. The most common health issues that affect this breed are entropion or ectropion eye problems, hip dysplasia, and spinal disc herniation.
Although this dog requires a bit of high maintenance, it is a good pet. Its loving and loyal nature compensates for the extra care that it needs.