The cairn terrier is a working dog that originated in the Scottish Highlands. It is commonly used for burrowing prey and hunting. In the year 1909, it was brought in dog shows in Britain. However, it was introduced as a short-haired Skye terrier. The Skye terrier breeders didn't accept this name and the dog was renamed as the Cairn terrier. The thick coat of this dog protects it from harsh weather conditions like snow, rain, sleet, etc. Brambles and sharp-edged rocks are also found in the region from where this dog originates. The coat therefore provides protection from these rocks.
There are many breeds that can be formed by crossing the Cairn Terrier with other dogs. A few of these terrier breeds are described below.
This breed is a cross between the cairn terrier and the pug. The pugairn dog possesses the fur of cairns. However, it is coarse in texture. This mix breed dog is playful just like pugs, and possesses the active nature of a terrier. It is easy to deal with and not temperamental at all. Puppies weigh around 14 pounds at the age of 10 months. It inherits its big eyes from pugs. It is a perfect family dog as it gets along with children and other pets very well.
Cairn Jack Russell Terrier
The mix breed of the Cairn and Jack Russell Terrier is a bit rusty in color. However, a few of them are also black in color. This is a nice and playful dog which may become hyper at times. It is intelligent and doesn't require much time for training. It enjoys different physical activities and likes to run around, jump, cuddle, play ball, and fetch sticks.
This breed is obtained by crossing the Scottish terrier with the Cairn terrier. This dog is small in size and popular as a pet. Its height is around 25 cm and weight ranges between 8.5 and 19 kg. It has a double coat. The upper layer is hard and wiry while the undercoat is soft. Coat color is wheaten. The life expectancy of this dog is 15 years.
This is a friendly, happy, and playful dog which constantly tries to seek the attention of its owner. It is a cross between the Poodle and the Cairn terrier. Its coat is characterized by wavy/curly fur that is short. It has either a rounded or long face and big eyes. Ears are triangular and set wide apart from each other. The dog weighs between 13 and 20 pounds and stands between 10-15 inches. It is basically a house dog. It is comfortable in large apartments, houses with spacious yards, and other such cozy places. It needs exercise on a regular basis. Jogging or short walks are suitable to keep it in a healthy condition.
This terrier mix dog is a cross between the Cairn terrier and the miniature Schnauzer. It is a friendly dog that likes to seek attention from the people around. It weighs around 22 pounds when fully grown. Its head is square-shaped and it has big eyes. The legs are short and the hindquarters are strong. Skin coat is light-colored and a bit wheatish. Shedding is almost absent in this breed. Overall, it is a healthy, playful, and good family dog.
Depending on the dogs with which Cairn terriers are crossed, different features and characteristics are reflected in the resulting breeds. One should choose a dog which is suitable for their home and also one that they can deal with easily.