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American Dog Breeds

American Dog Breeds
You must have heard about and seen a lot of dogs. But, do you know which of them are considered to be indigenous American dog breeds? The story will provide you a list and help you know which of them have evolved over the years on this continent.
Batul Nafisa Baxamusa
Last Updated: Mar 15, 2019
Dogs have been man's best friend since time immortal. As man began to realize the potential of these dogs as guards, working or hunting dogs and sometimes just as loyal companions, he began to breed them. Soon, certain breeds became indigenous to certain countries and continents.
Of all them around the world, it is always interesting to note, which of these breeds belong to our particular continent. Let us have a look at a few breeds that have been able to retain their original traits and characteristics through the years.
Dog Breeds Originating in the US
American dog breeds are a pride of their culture. They have forever been a part of the American family and always been portrayed as man's best friend. Let us have a look at some of the breeds that have their origins in the United States.
Boston Terrier
Boston Terrier
The Boston terrier is a mix of the English White Terrier, French and the English Bulldog. They first originated in Boston, as the name suggests. They were primarily bred as companions.
They have a polite streak to their personality and are totally devoted to their family. They love to play all day and are very intelligent. If you have kids in your family, this is one American breed that will be perfect as a goofy, fun-filled pet.
American Eskimo
American Eskimo
If you are looking for a beautiful, pure white breed then the American Eskimo is the pet of your choice. Don't get confused by its looks. It appears somewhat like a miniature Samoyed.
They prove to be good watch dogs as well as great family pets. They are said to be one of the most intelligent breeds. They have a charming personality that loves human attention. They have the ability to make instant friends once they get to know you.
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Chesapeake bay retrievers are very friendly and prove to be good with children. They are very obedient, but tend to be slow learners. They are known to have a mind of their own and thus early obedience training is a must.
Chesapeake is courageous and is very aggressive towards strangers. You need to be a confident owner and be able to prove your dominance over the dog. Otherwise, they tend to live by their own rules. Early socialization is a must for them.
American Foxhound
American Foxhound
The American foxhound is a mix between the English and the French foxhound. They were bred as hunting dogs due to their keen noses.
They prove to be sweet, but do not always prove to be good family pets. They are more of a hunting type than as companions. However, they are sincere with children, but cannot be trusted around non-canine pets and animals.
Alaskan Malamute
Alaskan Malamute
This breed is said to be over 2000 to 3000 years old. Alaskan Malamute was developed by the Inuit Indians to help them carry their load over long distances.
This nomadic tribe bred these dogs for endurance and strength, not speed. They make a good family pet and do well with older children rather than young kids. They are very loyal pets as well as friendly canines. They are intelligent with a slight stubborn streak in them.
The Complete List
There are many dogs that are native to the American continent. Here are the names of these breeds, according to the countries they have originated.
North American Dog Breeds
There are seven countries that are a part of North America. Let us have a look at the breeds present in these countries.
  • Canadian Cur
  • Canadian Eskimo Dog
  • Canoe Dog
  • Labrador Husky
  • Labrador Retriever (origin)
  • Landseer
  • Mackenzie River Husky
  • Native American Indian Dog
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
  • Seppala Siberian Sleddog
  • Tahltan Bear Dog, believed extinct
  • Valley Bulldog
United States of America
  • American Akita
  • Able Bulldog
  • Ambullneo Mastiff
  • American Alsatian
  • American Bulldog
  • American Cocker Spaniel
  • American Hairless Terrier
  • American Pit Bull Terrier
  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • American Water Spaniel
  • Alaskan Klee Kai
  • Alaskan Husky
  • Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
  • Australian Shepherd
  • Banter Bulldogge
  • Black and Tan Coonhound
  • Black Mouth Cur
  • Blue Lacy
  • Bluetick Coonhound
  • Boykin Spaniel
  • Cajun Squirrel Dog
  • Canadian Pointer
  • Carolina Dog
  • Catahoula Bulldog
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog
  • Chinook
  • Dakotah Shepherd
  • English Coonhound
  • English Shepherd
  • Miniature Australian Shepherd
  • Mountain Cur
  • Mountain Feist
  • Mullins Feist
  • Old Time Farm Shepherd
  • Old English Bulldog
  • Pencil-tail Feist
  • Plott Hound
  • Rat Terrier
  • Redbone Coonhound
  • Rez dog
  • Russell Terrier
  • Silken Windhound
  • Teddy Roosevelt Terrier
  • Toy Fox Terrier
  • Tennessee Treeing Brindle
  • Treeing Walker Coonhound
  • Trigg Hound
  • White English Bulldog
  • Winston Olde English Bulldogge
  • Xander Bulldog
Latin American Breeds
Latin America consists of all those countries whose official language originates from Latin - Spanish, French and Portuguese. These breeds mentioned here have originated from some of these countries.
  • Chihuahua
  • Xoloitzcuintli

  • Cuban Bloodhound
  • Havanese

Puerto Rico & Guatemala
  • Gran Mastín de Borínquen
  • Guatemalan Bull Terrier
South American Breeds
Given list contains names of breeds, indigenous or developed in the countries mentioned here:
  • Brazilian Mastiff
  • Brazilian Terrier (Fox Paulistinha)
  • Brazilian Tracker (Rastreador Brasileiro)
  • Campeiro Bulldog
  • Boyero Minuano
  • Cimarrón Uruguayo
Argentina and Chile
  • Argentine Dogo
  • Chilean Terrier
Peru and Venezuela
  • Peruvian Inca Orchid
  • Mucuchies
You can bring home any dog, irrespective of its country of origin, bloodline, traits, characteristics, etc. The one thing you can always be sure of is, your canine friend will devote his entire life towards you and your family.
Loyalty, faithfulness and true companionship will be provided in return for your affection and love. Bringing home a four-footed friend is not a bad deal, don't you think?